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History of euclase

Euclase is a rare mineral and is a very fragile stone. Its name is literally translated from the Greek language – “well splitting”.

Euclase came to Europe presumably from South America in 1785. The first thorough study of the stone began René Just Gayuy in 1792. Then, in 1858, the research of the French mineralogist was continued by the Russian scientist Nikolai Ivanovich Koksharov, who discovered a large euclase crystal 7.3 cm in size in the gold mines of the Southern Urals (now it is stored at the Mining Institute in St. Petersburg). Since that time, researchers and collectors have been desperately hunting for this stone, but finding it was not so easy.

Cut stone euclase.  Photo:
Cut stone euclase. Photo:

Until 1914, when the massive search for euclase was interrupted by the First World War, only 25 specimens of the mineral were discovered. Currently, most valuable euclases are kept in museum collections, and it is extremely rare in free sale.

Physico-chemical properties of euclase

Euclase is a silicate of beryllium and aluminum. The stone contains impurities of chromium, copper and manganese, which are responsible for the color of the crystals. The mineral is transparent, has a beautiful glassy luster. In some samples, the effect of pleochroism is observed: at different angles of rotation to the light source, the color of the stone changes from light blue and turquoise to deep blue.

Despite its high hardness – 7.5 on the Moss scale – euclase is quite brittle and difficult to process. Therefore, it is extremely rarely cut for jewelry – collectors prefer to keep crystals in their original form.

Euclase deposits

Euclase crystal mined in Zimbabwe.  Photo:
Euclase crystal mined in Zimbabwe. Photo:

In nature, euclase is rare, mainly in the form of small polyhedral crystals no larger than 3 mm in size (sometimes up to 1.5 cm).

The mineral is mined in alluvial deposits near rivers, or in mountain hydrothermal veins. In Russia, the most valuable stones are found in the Southern Urals and Yakutia.

Also, a large deposit is located in Brazil, the state of Minas Gerais. Lesser quality stones are mined in Africa, India, Italy and the USA.

Healing and magical properties of euclase

It is believed that euclase endows a person with wisdom and insight, helps to learn not only from their own, but also from other people’s mistakes. The stone directs the flow of energy in the right direction, promotes concentration on the task at hand.

Euclase is a powerful magical stone used by practicing magicians and soothsayers. Psychics appreciate it for the ability to open information portals between times and spaces. Only a strong mature person can fully comprehend the magic of euclase, who can pass on his experience to a student or a new generation.

Euclase is a stone of peace and quiet, it pacifies, heals shattered nerves and mental disorders, maintains the strength of the elderly, delays the onset of old age and its accompanying diseases.

Stones with a green tint help with high blood pressure, tachycardia and arrhythmias. Blue crystals – normalize appetite and gastrointestinal tract, help fight obesity.

Who is euclase suitable for?

Euclase Ring by Designs by Manuel
Euclase Ring by Designs by Manuel

Euclase is more suitable for experienced people over the age of 45. Before young people, the wisdom of the stone is more difficult to reveal; on the contrary, it can distract them and encourage them to rebellion and waywardness.

It is best if the jewelry with euclase is inherited or donated by a loved one.

Astrologers believe that euclase suits several zodiac signs: Libra, Cancer, Capricorn and Gemini. For them, the stone will become support and support in all matters, will help to believe in themselves and their intuition.

Aries is strongly discouraged from wearing euclase.

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History of chrysolite

The golden-green semi-precious stone has been known to history since the 4th millennium BC. “Chrysolite” is translated from Greek as “golden stone”. The name was introduced by the Roman scientist Gaius Pliny in the 1st century, applying it to all minerals of golden hues. Since the time of Ancient Rome, another name has been attached to chrysolite – “evening emerald”, it appeared due to the inconstancy of the golden hue: clearly visible in the sun, it disappears under artificial lighting and the stone becomes almost indistinguishable from an emerald.

There are many references to chrysolite in biblical books; they were decorated with the clothes of the high priest and temples. The rare olive-green chrysolite of superb clarity and weighing 193 carats is one of the “seven historical stones” kept in the Diamond Fund of Russia.

Physico-chemical properties of chrysolite

Faceted chrysolite (peridot).  Photo:
Faceted chrysolite (peridot). Photo:

Chrysolite is a variety of olivine, an iron-magnesium orthosilicate. Chemical formula – (Mg,Fe)2SiOfour. Often in the professional environment of jewelers and gemologists, it is called peridot.

The color of chrysolite is due to the presence of nickel, iron and chromium in its composition. The stone exists in nature in one color, only its shades can change slightly. At the same time, the more pronounced the pure green color in the stone, the higher its value and cost.

According to the Mohs scale, the hardness of chrysolite is 6.5-7 units. It is fragile and needs to be handled with care when cutting. The crystals have a vitreous luster with a slight “oily coating” that distinguishes it from other minerals of a similar color.

Chrysolite deposits

Natural raw chrysolite.  Photo:
Natural raw chrysolites. Photo:

Olivines are quite common, but gem-quality chrysolites can be found far from everywhere.

In Russia, chrysolites are found in the composition of diamond rocks in Yakutia, the Krasnoyarsk Territory and the Murmansk Region, but there are few truly valuable specimens among them.

Abroad, chrysolites are mined in Pakistan, Afghanistan, South and North America, South Africa and Australia. The oldest deposit still being developed is in Egypt on the uninhabited island of Zeberget in the Red Sea. The largest and most expensive stones are mined here.

Healing and magical properties of chrysolite

217 carat carved chrysolite by Larry Woods
217 carat carved chrysolite by Larry Woods

Many beliefs and legends are associated with chrysolite. For example, in ancient India it was a stone of lovers, helping them find mutual understanding and strengthen feelings. And in the XIX century in Europe there was an opinion that chrysolite relieves male impotence.

The Mongols called peridot “dragon stone” and believed in its ability to bestow strength and courage.

And today people believe in the amazing power of chrysolite: that the stone brings success in financial matters and good luck in gambling. In addition, it is believed that if you keep it together with money, then there will always be prosperity in the family. And if you wear a ring with chrysolite on your left hand, it will protect you from the evil eye and help you make the right decision in the most difficult situation.

Healers often treated skin diseases with ointments with chrysolite powder. In the East, it was used to improve the process of hematopoiesis in anemia.

Who will benefit from the stone?

Ring with diamonds and chrysolite.  Photo:
Ring with diamonds and chrysolite. Photo:

Chrysolite is perfect for active people who do not like to sit still: travelers, athletes, people of creative professions, whose life is connected with moving. It helps to quickly adapt to changes, a new place of residence and work.

Chrysolite will protect those who are connected with the financial sphere from dishonest partners and transactions. In addition, the stone is considered a talisman of lawyers, contributes to victory in disputes, and helps in the fight for justice.

What signs of the zodiac suits chrysolite

Astrologers advise chrysolite to people born under the signs of Sagittarius and Leo. But it is contraindicated for Aries and Gemini.

Chrysolite is a monogamous stone: having got used to one owner, it is unlikely to serve another well. Found or inherited jewelry can quickly be lost, or it will begin to bring bad luck.

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Story. Legends and myths about stone

Writers have compared opals to volcanoes, galaxies, and fireworks. Admirers and connoisseurs of the stone gave poetic names to unusual opals: “Pandora”, “Light of the World”, “Empress”. In ancient Rome, this gem symbolized love and hope. And it was the Romans who gave the mineral the name that we use to this day – “opal”, which meant “precious stone”.

In AD 75, the Roman scholar Pliny remarked: “Some opals carry such a play that they match the deepest and richest colors of artists. Others imitate the blazing fire of burning sulfur and even the bright flashes of burning oil. He was delighted that this kaleidoscopic gem included ruby ​​red, emerald green, topaz yellow, sapphire blue, and amethyst purple.

Opal was set in the crown of the Roman emperor Constantine, who claimed that this stone shines in the dark and believed that it protected his power and his life. In his numerous stories about opal, he mentioned one miraculous property of this stone, which allegedly allows the owner to become invisible. Naturally, because of this, opal became a talisman of thieves.

For a time, it was believed that opal could preserve the life and color of blond hair.

Opal is considered the stone of October. And some people think that this stone should not be worn by those born in any other month. But this superstition comes from a novel written in the early 19th century (Anna Geierstein by Walter Scott), and not from any ancient belief or experience. In fact, for most of history, the opal has been considered the luckiest and most magical of all gemstones because it can showcase almost all colors.

Physical and chemical properties

Blue opal
Blue opal “Universe”

Opal is an amorphous form of silica, chemically similar to quartz but containing an average of 3% to 21% water in its mineral structure. Gem-quality opals most often contain 6% to 10% water.

The chemical formula of the stone is SiO2nH2O. Ingredients: silica hydrate. The hardness of gem opal is on average 5.5 to 6.5 Mohs. Density – 1.96-2.20 g / cm³.

Jewelry stone is afraid of sudden changes in temperature, strong cooling and heating. In addition, due to the high water content in their composition, opals cannot be kept in places with dry air – sufficient humidity is extremely important for them.

How opals are formed

Opal is a sedimentary stone. Under the right conditions, water percolates through the earth, enriching itself with dissolved silicates. When water enters the cavity, it precipitates silicates in the form of microscopic spheres, from which opals are subsequently formed.

If the silicate spheres at the base of the opal are the same size and shape, and stacked neatly on top of each other, they will scatter light. Such stones are called precious (jewelry) opals. If the spheres that make up the mineral turn out to be random in size, shape and location, then ordinary opals are obtained that are not capable of demonstrating outstanding optical effects.

Although the hardness of opal is above average, it is still brittle and can easily break if given enough pressure.

Place of Birth

colorful opals

Often, opal occurs in the form of streaks or dense masses that resemble glass. Sometimes the stone is found in the form of stalactites. However, the fact remains unchanged that large deposits of this gem are found in volcanic areas, that is, where a volcano used to work or is still active. Below is more detailed information provided by the Gem Society resource on where and what kind of opals are mined.


Australia is the world’s largest source of opals. However, the deposits on the continent have been developed so intensively that they are rapidly depleted. It was in Australia that the largest opal in the world was found – its weight exceeded 5 kg, and its size was 23 × 12 cm.


Mexican opal is found in siliceous volcanic lavas, in voids, and in many other places. Yellow and red fire opals, hyalites and transparent precious opals of the highest quality are mined here.


Significant deposits of opals were also found in Brazil. It was there that in 1998 a stone was found, the total mass of which exceeded 4.3 kg. The stone was later valued at $60,000.

High-quality jewelry opals are often given an unusual shape in order to preserve and, if possible, emphasize unusual overflows and play of color as much as possible.

Czech Republic and Slovak Republic

A source known in Roman times, near the village of Chervenitsa (formerly in Hungary), gives rise to opals in the form of layers in grayish-brown andesitic rock.


An ancient source of opals. Stones found near the town of Vegel Tena show a remarkable play of color.


First discovered around 1900 in Nevada, opal occurs here as cracks and seams in opal wood. Gorgeous but very watery, this opal has a strong tendency to crack due to loss of moisture upon contact with air.

In addition to the territories listed above, opals are mined in the following places:

  • Indonesia,
  • Honduras,
  • Poland,
  • Tanzania,
  • Japan,
  • Bolivia,
  • Canada,
  • China,
  • Myanmar,
  • Namibia,
  • Peru,
  • small springs in Russia and Ukraine.

According to Arabic legend, opals are what is left when lightning strikes the ground.


noble opal

Jewelers value first of all noble ones, they are also jewelry, opals – almost all over the world it is customary to classify such stones as precious. They are distinguished by a bright pure color, a richness of shades and iridescent tints. This feature is characteristic of translucent stones, which are quite rare. It is noble opals that are usually selected to become part of a piece of jewelry.

Types and colors

Opal comes in a variety of colors, including: black, white, blue, purple (light and dark), green, red, yellow. Moreover, the play of color can be far from continuous, but dotted or mosaic. For this reason, there are a huge number of varieties of opal. The brilliance of the stone can also be different, for example, glass or wax.

Common opal is a term that encompasses many varieties of opaque or glassy opals with a waxy luster. These stones come in a wide variety of colors and are rarely cut.

White opal is translucent, has light blue hues. Photo:
Black opal – shimmers with purple, blue, green, red, yellow hues. Photo:
Crystal opal is transparent or translucent in transmitted light. At the same time, it demonstrates a rich play of color in reflected light. Photo:
Fire Opal is usually a red, bright orange or yellow stone. Photo:
Boulder opal – bright iridescent thin layers of opal of different colors, formed on the surface of iron ore. Photo:
Contralusian opal is a transparent stone that shows the play of colors both in the transmitted and in the reflected…
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History of morganite

Morganite is a semi-precious stone that became known in 1910, and received its name in 1911. It is associated with the name of Morgan, a well-known philanthropist and banker in the USA. The second name of the stone is sparrow, which is associated with the name of the famous Russian scientist Viktor Ivanovich Vorobyov, who was the first to discover this variety of beryl in the Urals. In addition to the above names, the stone is also called amethyst-balsatin.

In the 20th century, an attempt was made to rename this mineral into “pink emerald”, but, despite the fact that from the point of view of gemology this name fully corresponds to the mineral, it did not take root due to its pretentiousness and pretentious sound.

The color palette of morganite-vorobievite varies from pale pink to red-violet. Sometimes the mineral may have a yellow or peach color.

Photo of morganite

Properties of morganite-vorobevite

Morganite belongs to the beryllium group of minerals and has the same physical and chemical properties. Its color is associated with the presence of manganese inclusions in the stone, as well as iron, lithium or cesium.

Vorobievite is a fairly radioactive stone. Only small, slightly colored specimens are considered safe. In larger stones with a pronounced color, the level of radiation exceeds the permissible norm. Such morganite is forbidden to be stored and processed in places where there are a large number of people. When moving on the container, there must be a sign warning about radiation.

Deposits of morganite-vorobevite

The most famous deposits of this pink beryl, where the largest and most beautiful stones are mined, are located in the states of California and Utah (USA), in Brazil and on about. Madagascar. Morganite mines are also located in China, Africa and Afghanistan.

In Russia, sparrowites were found only in single specimens, and there are no rich deposits.

The market value of morganite is quite high and reaches $ 200 for one carat of especially valuable specimens.

How to distinguish a real morganite from a fake

Since morganite is an expensive mineral, it is highly likely that instead of decorating with it, you can buy a fake. Fianite, kunzite and spinel are often used for this. Unfortunately, it is possible to distinguish a fake from the original only in laboratory conditions.

When exposed to natural stone with X-rays, it acquires a rich red color. Also, you can distinguish a natural stone from a fake by heating: true morganite will lose its color and become transparent.

Healing and magical properties of morganite

Since sparrow stone belongs to the group of beryl, it speeds up the owner’s thinking, reduces fatigue and allows you to maintain clarity of mind for a long time. Also, it neutralizes any negative impact directed at the owner of the stone. Morganite helps restore and strengthen marriage bonds. If you wear jewelry with morganite for the exam, then it will be easier to pass it.

Lithotherapists have long appreciated the healing properties of sparrow. He is able to save the owner from pain in the lumbar back, including chronic ones. Morganite is very useful for women’s health and is used to treat diseases of the female pelvic organs. Also, it is used to get rid of depression.

After any shocks in the emotional sphere, it is recommended to periodically wear jewelry with morganite. Its joyful, life-affirming color improves overall well-being.

Photo of faceted morganite

Who is morganite suitable for?

First of all, morganite-sparrow will benefit single women and men, as it is able to provide increased attention to the opposite sex and help find their “soul mate”.

Among the signs of the Zodiac, morganite also has its own preferences. Sparrowvit most fully reveals its properties if its owner is Libra. Also, people of the “water element” can use morganite as an amulet and amulet: Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces.

Pink beryl will not patronize all other signs of the Zodiac, but it will not bring harm either.

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History of indicolite

Indicolite is a semi-precious stone, a variety of deep blue tourmaline. It is often referred to as blue tourmaline. The name of the stone was due to its beautiful shade of “indigo”.

Indicolite is often confused with sapphire. However, the first is still more affordable, and also much more fragile. In connection with this similarity, commercial terminology even uses such stone names as Ural sapphire, Brazilian, Siberian sapphire and others.

Physical and chemical properties of indicolite

Natural faceted indicolite.  Photo:
Natural faceted indicolite. Photo:

Indicolite belongs to silicates. Depending on the composition, the shade of the stone changes. So, among the minerals there are blue-green shades and greenish-blue, more reminiscent of aquamarine. It all depends on the valence of iron.

Indicolite crystals – with clearly defined parallel shading. They refract light perfectly and have a beautiful glassy sheen.

Indicolite deposits

In the Middle Urals, indicolite was first found only in the 19th century. In Transbaikalia, in the valley of the Urulga River, blue tourmaline crystals have been found since 1847. There are also deposits of indicolite in the Irkutsk region.

Blue tourmaline is found in Finland, Namibia, Afghanistan, on the island of Sri Lanka, and in the USA (Massachusetts). However, Brazil is considered the leader in the supply of this rare semi-precious stone. More than 75% of the total world volume of indicolites used in the jewelry industry is mined there.

How to distinguish a fake

Crystals of natural indicolite and natural faceted indicolite.  Photo:
Crystals of natural indicolite and natural faceted indicolite. Photo:

A feature of any tourmalines, including indicolite, is color heterogeneity. Even when a single hue predominates, you can always notice a different intensity of color in the light. Often, even in small crystals, clear color transitions are visible, which makes the gem incredibly beautiful. A fake will not have such an effect.

Healing and magical properties of indicolite

As you know, any mineral has its own unique set of properties that can favorably influence its owner. Indicolite is a storehouse of positive energy: it can protect against stress and neurosis, and support in the fight against vegetovascular dystonia. In addition, blue tourmaline is able to normalize the production of thyroid and adrenal hormones.

People prone to depression are more suitable for specimens with a greenish tint. And especially emotional natures are recommended rich blue indicolites.

Who is indicolite suitable for?

Coast ring with indicolite
Coast ring with indicolite

Among all the signs of the Zodiac, indicolite is best suited to representatives of the Fire element: Aries, Leo and Sagittarius. For strong and purposeful individuals, this stone will bring good luck, accelerate success and maintain good health.

Also, indicolite is perfect for Libra. It contributes to balancing views and making the right decisions.

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History of eremeevite

This unusual rare mineral was discovered not so long ago, namely, in 1859. But in those days, the first finds were confused with aquamarine. Of course, the stones have a strong external resemblance, but a deeper study made it possible to single out eremeyite into a separate group in 1883. The stone was named after P. V. Eremeevaa well-known Russian mineralogist.

Physical and chemical properties of eremeevit

The chemical formula of the mineral is Al6(BO3)5F3. Eremeevite is a transparent mineral with a beautiful glassy luster, brittle, with a conchoidal fracture. The color of eremeevit varies from pale yellow and brownish to sky blue. Yellow minerals are even rarer than blue ones. Eremeevit crystals have piezoelectric properties.

Eremeevite crystal.  Photo:
Eremeevite crystal. Photo:

Eremeevite deposits

The first deposits of this stone were found by a French mineralogist A. A. Damur in Transbaikalia, on Mount Sotkuy. In general, there are very few places where you can find Eremeevite. These are mainly rare deposits in Russia, Namibia, Tajikistan and Madagascar. However, today in the gemstone market you can find Jeremeevites from only two countries:

  • Namibia – crystals of blue eremeevite on a thin tourmaline substrate;
  • Burma – colorless faceted stones, about 2mm in size.

Small prism-shaped crystals are present in granitic pegmatites. Like other borates, eremeyite is formed in drying salt-bearing basins.

The largest eremeyite weighs 27 carats and was found on the island of Madagascar. And thanks to the incredible rarity of the stone, prices start at an average of $ 600 – and this is for mediocre quality pieces.

Natural eremevit.  Photo:
Natural eremevit. Photo:

Magical and healing properties of eremeevit

Despite the fact that the stone has not been known for so long, its magical and healing properties have already been appreciated. Eremeevite has a calming effect on the body, helps to cope with depression, vegetovascular dystonia, and neurosis.

In addition, the stone helps to reveal the potential of a person and supports those who prefer to rely only on their strengths and experience, instead of changeable luck.

Faceted Eremeevite.  Photo:
Faceted Eremeevite. Photo:

Who suits eremevit

Astrologers believe that representatives of any zodiac sign can wear eremeyvit. However, it will be especially useful for “water” signs. Eremeevite is able to bring them wealth and great happiness.

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Variscite is a stone with an amazing history. It is surprising that not one of the high-profile tragic cases is associated with any of the instances of yutalite. Wars have never been started for the sake of the mineral, he has not participated in any known detective investigation.

History of variscite

Variscite blue. Photo:

Variscite was discovered relatively recently. The first copy was found at the beginning of the 19th century in Germany in the Variscia region, which served as the etymological basis for the name. The description of the new mineral included numerous alternative terms for the stone. The most popular, which is currently used along with variscite, is “yutalite”.

The name comes from the name of the US state of Utah. Otherwise, variscite is also called spherite, bolnvarite, Californian turquoise, chloreutalite, and lucnite. The term “amatrix” is used to refer to quartz or chalcedony overgrown with eutalite. In this case, the outer shell usually has a rich green color.

When variscite was discovered, researchers found that the material had been in use since ancient times, but was identified as a variety of turquoise rather than a material in its own right.

Physical and chemical properties of yutalite

Utalite is a brittle mineral and has a Mohs hardness value between 3.5 and 5. The density in this case is from 2.4 to 2.6 g / cm³. The basis of variscite is aluminum phosphate with a variety of impurities that determine the color of the specimen: from light green to blue. Much less often, yutalites of red and white colors are mined.

Variscite is one of the rare jewelry and ornamental materials, outwardly very similar to turquoise, malachite and chrysopaz. The color of the mineral is uneven, as in the above stones: in most specimens there are contrasting veins and multi-colored blotches. Because of this external resemblance, yutalite was isolated as a separate variety only in the early 1800s.

Stone deposits

Raw pieces of variscite. Photo:

The largest deposits of variscite were rapidly depleted and are not currently exploited. They are located in the US states of Utah and Nevada.

One of the oldest mining sites for variscite was found in Spain. It is dated to the Neolithic period, based on the work “Natural History”, written by Pliny the Elder in the 1st century AD. Pliny the Elder noted that the inhabitants who inhabited the lands of modern Barcelona liked to adorn themselves with green beads, which were considered a powerful amulet.

On the world market, you can find yutalite mined in Australia, Germany, Kazakhstan, Poland and Brazil.

How to distinguish natural variscite from fakes

Necklace made of variscite. Photo: agat77

Variscite is rarely counterfeited, more often it is used as a material to create fake turquoise or chrysopase products.

If a large specimen of eutalite is used in the product, the buyer should be careful, because in nature this mineral rarely reaches impressive sizes. The cut is also important: natural variscite is mainly given the shape of a cabochon.

The price of variscite directly depends on its color: white stones are widespread and therefore less valued on the market than green and blue-green minerals. Copies with some defects in the form of spots and veins are also valued by collectors, which determines their high price.

Healing properties of yutalite

Lithotherapists believe that yutalite has a positive effect primarily on the psycho-emotional state of a person, returning a sense of harmony and faith in one’s own strength. The psychological background is inextricably linked with the physical level of health. If a person is at rest, his nervous and digestive systems function normally. Therefore, lithotherapists often prescribe to patients with ulcers or disorders regular practices, accompanied by variscite products.

Adequate complex work of all components of the human body helps to increase metabolism, which helps to lose weight faster.

The magical properties of variscite

Bracelet with three variscites set in silver. Photo: Don Lucas Fine Jewelry

In spiritual practice, as in lithotherapy, variscite is associated with health: mental or physical. Magicians use yutalite products during meditation, believing that they protect against the evil eye and negative external influences.

Another action of variscite is associated with the subtle matter of love. According to ancient beliefs, jewelry with yutalite can bring happiness in your personal life, help you choose a faithful and understanding companion.

Who is variscite suitable for?

Red variscite beads. Photo: Irina — InStudio

Variscite is one of the minerals that does not have a specific binding to the elements or signs of the Zodiac. It is recommended to choose for a specific person on a whim. If someone begins to doubt whether to buy a product with eutalite or not, he should hold the mineral in his hands in order to understand how the internal sensations are consistent with the energy of the stone.

The variscite talisman favors people who are professionally connected with the help of other living creatures, for example, doctors. Such a talisman keeps the mind pure and gives the wearer confidence in their actions.

What stones are combined with

Jewelry from variscite was created in the Neolithic era, but the second birth of the mineral occurred in 1837, when its deposit was discovered in Saxony, near the city of Variscia.

The mineral has an impressive magical potential. It is believed that it helps to realize the mistakes of the past and not repeat them in the future. Jewelry made of variscite softens a difficult character, calms the nervous system, and brings material well-being. Mystical properties are enhanced by turquoise, aquamarine, lapis lazuli, agate. Variscite also restores strength and helps with insomnia and depression doubly effective in tandem with pearls.

Nevertheless, you should not get carried away with sets with variscite – this is a completely self-sufficient gem. The combination of two, maximum three gems is enough to increase his magical abilities.

What metals are combined with

The setting for the stone is best made of silver – it enhances the magic of variscite. The combination with gold, on the contrary, blocks some of its miraculous properties, and the gold-framed mineral will never work in full force.

Variscite is good on its own, without a rim. Beads, bracelets and necklaces are made from it. Talismans from Californian turquoise will be useful to people prone to irritability, selfishness and pride, as they direct negative energy in the right direction. In addition, the mystical blue-green stone develops the spiritual sphere of the owner and his intellectual abilities.

If you dreamed of variscite

This mysterious gem, apparently, is a rare guest in dreams, and there are not many interpretations of it in dream books. The most common claims are…

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History of amber

Pliny the Elder became interested in the question of the origin of the unusual sunny-orange “stone” almost two thousand years ago. After careful study, the ancient Roman writer came to the conclusion that amber is a tree resin. Of course, there were other hypotheses, for example, that amber is a kind of natural bitumen. However, in the middle of the 18th century M. V. Lomonosov once again spoke (and provided evidence) that amber is a completely organic product.

The name of the stone familiar to us appeared in the 16th century: first in the form of the Old Slavonic “gentator”, then “gintaras” in Lithuanian, turning into then into “amber”. In German, amber in the 13th century was called “burning stone”: to use its healing properties, the stone was set on fire and its smoke was inhaled.

Despite the fact that various inclusions in the form of insects may seem like a lack of amber, in fact, it is precisely such specimens that are of great value among collectors.

Physical and chemical properties of amber

natural amber
natural amber

Amber is a fossilized resin – mostly coniferous trees. The average age of amber is 40-50 million years, and the color varies from almost white and pale yellow to brown, with green shades being of particular value. The most rare and expensive is blue amber.

The hardness of the unique stone is quite low – from 2 to 2.5 on the Mohs scale. The density is also very low and ranges from 1.05 to 1.09 g/cm3in the most rare cases it can reach 1.3 g/cm3. Amber often has foreign inclusions and impurities, including iron, nitrogen, aluminum, and sulfur. The main chemical composition of amber is a mixture of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen, the formula is CtenH16O.

Amber ignites easily on contact with an open flame and emits a characteristic coniferous smell. In addition, it electrifies with intense friction. And despite the fact that this stone is very delicate and easily damaged, there is a special variety of it, which is even cut – this is Burmese amber or birmite.

Amber deposits

The largest and most famous amber deposit is Palmnikenskoye in the village of Yantarny, in the Kaliningrad region. Mining takes place with the help of water: powerful jets break the soil in which the deposits of amber are located.

Amber is also found in small volumes abroad, including in the USA, Canada, Mexico, Romania and the Dominican Republic, where the rarest blue amber is also mined. Also, three deposits operate on the territory of Ukraine.

Natural blue amber mined in the Dominican Republic.  Photo:
Natural blue amber mined in the Dominican Republic. Photo:

Healing and magical properties of amber

Amber is one of the valuable jewelry stones, whose beneficial effect on the human body has been officially confirmed. And if earlier it was mixed with water in various ways (for example, ground into powder) and this healing liquid was taken, today succinic acid is prepared from it. The latter is used as a powerful immunostimulant that helps fight inflammation and severe stress.

In addition to general healing, amber was used to whiten teeth, cure diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, headaches and the respiratory system. In addition, it was previously believed that the stone helps to improve the functioning of the thyroid gland.

Faceted amber.  Photo: Jonas Ruzgys
Faceted amber. Photo: Jonas Ruzgys

Magical properties have been attributed to amber almost from the moment the ancient peoples began to use it – at least five thousand years ago. In many myths and legends, the stone was associated with the Sun, even considering it to be frozen pieces of the ether of the heavenly body. Amber, in which lizards and insects got stuck, had special power in the eyes of magicians – such stones were used in various ceremonies and rituals.

It is believed that amber is able to bring great luck to its owner, endow him with vitality, vigor, make him “glow from within”. A sun stone will relieve depression, give happiness and mutual love, if a person’s thoughts are pure.

Who will benefit from the stone?

Earrings with large faceted drops of amber and hessonites from Lilly Hastedt
Earrings with large faceted drops of amber and hessonites from Lilly Hastedt

Amber is a unique link between the past and the present, the keeper of the memory of times distant and almost inaccessible to study. That is why the stone is considered the most successful talisman for those whose life and work is directly related to the study of bygone days – archaeologists, geologists, philosophy teachers and historians.

What signs of the zodiac suits amber

Here the recommendations of astrologers may seem obvious enough. Sunstone is the best fit for people of Fire, especially Leo.

Amber is not contraindicated for the signs of Water and Air, but Taurus should be very careful with it: amber is not the best choice for him.

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There are several versions of the origin of the name spinel. According to one of them, the name is associated with the shape of the stone and comes from the word “spinell”, which means “thorn” in Latin. According to another, the stone got its name due to its unusual brilliance.

History of spinel

Faceted spinel.  Photo:
Faceted spinel. Photo:

This mineral was already known in Ancient Russia, it was called “lal” and was used as a medicine and was used to quench thirst. Mention of him is found in the records of Marco Polo in the XIII century. Documents dated to the 9th century AD also contain information about the extraction of “lal” in the Pamirs.

Physiochemical properties

Spinel belongs to oxides. Chemical formula – MgAl2Ofour.

The color scheme of this mineral is very diverse: all shades of red up to orange-scarlet, green with a transition to black. The stone can be either completely transparent or almost non-translucent. As a rule, spinel has the correct geometric shape of either an octahedron or a dodecahedron.

Among the varieties of the mineral, noble spinel, ordinary, chromium and ganite (zinc spinel) are distinguished.

The noble spinel includes ruby, sapphire, rubicelle, ruby-bale, oriental amethyst, blue and green spinel. Ordinary spinel – these are stones of dark green and black color, they are most common; varieties – ceylonite and pleonast – contain a large amount of iron. Chrome spinel is a thick black color.

Spinel deposits

Spinel color palette.  Photo:
Spinel color palette. Photo:

The richest mining sites for the noble variety of spinel are located in Ceylon, India, the Pamirs and Tajikistan. In addition, spinel is found in Russia: in the Southern Urals, the Southern Baikal region and in Yakutia.

The bright red ruby ​​spinel is mined in Myanmar at the Mogok deposit, where some of the best rubies in the world are found. Also stones are found in Thailand, India, Brazil, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka.

How to distinguish artificial spinel from natural

Spinel from Tanzania.  Photo:
Spinel from Tanzania. Photo:

Unfortunately, it is impossible to independently distinguish a fake stone from a natural one. The only obvious sign that you are looking at an imitation may be the price: the cost of a noble spinel starts from 20 to 30 dollars per carat, while stones of bright red or blue color and good clarity can cost several hundred to several thousand dollars per carat.

If you have any doubts about the origin of the stone, it is best to contact a jeweler to confirm its authenticity.

Healing and magical properties of spinel

The stone, which has a rich red color, was considered an excellent amulet for men. Women could also wear rings with this mineral to attract love into their lives.

It is believed that spinel jewelry is suitable for people whose work is related to traveling. As already mentioned, this stone was used in medicine in ancient Russia. It is able to purify the blood, stop bleeding and relieve various infectious diseases and inflammations. Spinel helps to strengthen the immunity of its owner and improve eyesight.

The special value of spinel is that this stone itself forms favorable conditions for the life of the owner, bringing him good luck in all matters.

Who will benefit from the stone?

Ring of Belle, the heroine of the cartoon
Ring of Belle, the heroine of the cartoon “Beauty and the Beast”, encrusted with multi-colored spinel. Chanel

Periodic wear of jewelry with spinel is allowed for people whose work is associated with constant traveling and requires quick decision-making.

But it is worth remembering that this mineral is very self-willed and capricious, you should be careful with it and not abuse its help.

What stones are combined with

Spinel, or lal, is a stone traditionally revered in the East. In the old days, it was worn to protect the eyes from the sun. It is believed that the magical abilities of the crystal excite love and erotically liberate a person, so it is willingly given to loved ones.

Stones that belong to the elements of Air are able to inflate the flame of spinel (rock crystal, tourmaline, topaz). Do not forget about native stones belonging to the same indomitable element: diamond, ruby, garnet.

Black spinel goes well with representatives of the earth element. It will harmonize well with malachite, onyx, turquoise.

What metals does spinel match with?

Gold spinel brooch by Alexandra Watkins

To enhance the magic of a noble lal, a gold setting is best suited. A golden lal ring helps a lonely girl find a worthy spouse. And bracelets made of noble metal allow a married couple to establish relationships and avoid divorce.

Red and pink spinel are not recommended to be worn in a silver setting, which will overwhelm the temperament of the stone.

What zodiac signs are suitable for spinel

The only zodiac sign that can harness the positive power of spinel to 100% is Leo. It is to him that this stone will help in all matters, enhance the innate charm and nobility.

In addition, the spinel will energize the owner, which will avoid the breakdown that suddenly occurs in people of this sign from time to time.

If you dreamed of spinel

Cynthia Renée ring with 16.25 carat red spinel

Spinel dreams of gaining wisdom. Its source can be either a person or an unexpected situation.

If you dreamed of a red spinel, then perhaps this is a warning about a hidden disease associated with the cardiovascular system.

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History of zircon

Zargun means “golden” in Persian. It is from this word that the name of the stone comes. The unique refractive properties of zircon can only be compared with a diamond. No wonder in the East zircon is called his younger brother.

Varieties and colors of stone

Zircon has several of the most famous varieties.


It has a color from pale pink to bright red and brown.

Red zircon.  Photo:

Jargon or yargon

Yellow zircon.

Yellow zircon.  Photo:


A bright blue zircon that has been calcined to its color.

Blue zircon.  Photo:

Zircon is often confused with zirconium, but they are fundamentally different things.

Zircon is a natural gemstone, zirconium is a silver-colored metal.

cubic zirconia (aka zirconium cube) is a well-known cubic zirconia, and a similar name is associated with the chemical composition of this stone: cubic zirconia. It is wrong to call phianites zircons, since phianites are artificial stones.

Circonium the same is a plastic grayish-silver metal, a chemical element, designated in the periodic table by the letter combination Zr. It is zirconium that is the main natural stone of zircon and cubic zirconia created in the laboratory.

Physical and chemical properties of zircon

Chemical formula of zircon ZrSiOfour. The stone is fragile, easily damaged by quartz.

Zircon contains many impurities, which causes a variety of colors of the stone. In nature, white, gray, pink, red, burgundy, yellow brown, almost black and green stones are found. As impurities, there are oxides of iron, calcium, aluminum, less often hafnium.

Transparent stones with a red tint are called hyacinths and are used in jewelry. When heated, zircon hyacinth turns bright blue. As a result of heat treatment, yellow or colorless stones can also be obtained.

The stone is usually small. Luster from resinous and matte to glassy.

Place of Birth

natural zircon.  Photo:
natural zircon. Photo:

Stones are mined mainly in Thailand, Sri Lanka, Vietnam and Madagascar. Hyacinths are also harvested in the USA, Brazil, Canada, Norway and Australia.

Zircon deposits are also known in Russia, in particular, in the Urals, in Yakutia, on the Kola Peninsula.

Scope of zircon

Today, stone is used for the manufacture of fire-resistant and refractory materials. In addition, hafnium and uranium are extracted from it.

High quality zircons are used in the jewelry industry. The downside is the low density of the mineral, so it is easy to damage. Unfortunately, in modern realities, natural zircon has been almost completely ousted from the jewelry market and replaced by artificial cubic zirkonia. In ancient products, zircon is much more common.

How to distinguish natural zircon from a fake

There are several ways to help distinguish a real stone.

  • To distinguish natural zircon from cubic zirconia, one should remember about the features of the stone. Transparent specimens in themselves are very rare, however, they will definitely contain inclusions, voids, etc. Cubic zirconia in any case will be transparent, like a tear.
  • Zircon shimmers exactly like a diamond, but where there are any inclusions there is a resinous tint.
  • Zircon has a very low density compared to cubic zirconia, therefore, stones of the same size will differ in mass – zircon will be easier to fake.
  • Zircon is often radioactive. If you have a device that measures the level of radiation, it can help determine the naturalness of the stone.

Healing and magical properties of alular

Ring with yellow zircon.  Photo:
Ring with yellow zircon. Photo:

Since ancient times, people have been wearing zircon amulets, endowing it with the power of power. In ancient times, this stone was worn by sages. It was believed that zircon helped to reveal lies and endowed the owner with intuition and the gift of foresight. Zircon promotes the development of memory and observation, protects against deceivers. An amulet with this stone attracts good luck and promotes enrichment.

It is believed that zircons of different colors affect a person in different ways. For example, yellow zircon is advised to be worn by people with hypertension, a sick stomach and liver. Blue stone restores the function of the thyroid gland and pancreas, and also helps with tumors in the brain. Black zircon increases the body’s resistance to viral diseases.

What zodiac signs are suitable for zircon

Astrologers primarily recommend wearing zircon to Sagittarius and Aquarius. The color of the stone must match the element of the sign.